Malnutrition causes and treatment
Economic Causes Of Malnutrition
It is human fuel and the engine of the body, and due to its great importance in human physical life
And its impact on the course of its growth, and the benefits of food do not stop at this point only, but also affect it
On his mental activity and behavior and his psychological, physical and moral condition, and therefore the body
Healthy food is linked to healthy food.
What Is Malnutrition?
It is a nutritional imbalance, which is the body's failure to obtain the necessary nutritional values
Whether by negligence or overeating, as the person with malnutrition
He suffers from problems in height and weight, either with increase or decrease, as it happens to him
An imbalance in the body mass curve, which also has an imbalance in calorie intake
thermal according to the activity it performs.
Malnutrition causes and treatment
First - wrong eating habits
There are people who are used to eating haphazardly, irregularly, and unbalanced
In terms of values, nor in terms of the amount of food they eat, most people
Don't care about nutritional balance and not being keen on integration between vegetables and fruits
Proteins and bad eating habits that a person follows, which are among the causes
Exposure to malnutrition:
- Failure to collect three meals a day, breakfast, lunch and dinner
- Give up eating fruits, and replace them with manufactured juices and soft drinks
Get used to not eating vegetables unless they are fried
- Refusing Egyptian food at home, and replacing it with fast food
- Non-participation of family food, and eating in front of the TV
Eat sweets, sugars, chips and crackers a lot
Drinking drinks or water while eating
Drink tea or coffee after eating.
Second - symptoms of malnutrition
1- The emergence of malnutrition in a visible way
This means the occurrence of certain nutritional diseases with distinctive symptoms of vitamin deficiencies
And calcium, which leads to osteoporosis and may cause vitamin deficiency
It also leads to thinness and severe weight loss, which results in anemia
Eating causes a group of vitamins to rise above the required limit, which causes problems
And disorders in thyroid secretions and high calories or an increase is not
Natural fats stored in the body that cause obesity
And joint diseases, cholesterol, sugar and other diseases that indicate a bad balance
diet, which is reflected significantly on the physical and health aspects of the individual, and who
Another manifestation by which a malnourished person can be identified is pallor
The face and the appearance of dark circles under the eyes and chapped lips
And changing hair color and tendencies redness and rapid fatigue.
2- The emergence of malnutrition in a hidden way
It appears in the form of general weakness, inability to work strong, focus and understanding, low level of cognitive and academic achievement, lack of sleep, insomnia, especially in children, and inability to respond to life in general. Nutrition scientists confirm that there is a close relationship between what a person eats and activity. physical and mental activities, so that their ability to remember, comprehend, and concentrate decreases.
Prevention of malnutrition
Obtaining the necessary nutrients by following a healthy diet is of great importance that benefits all parts of the body.
This healthy system helps it to perform its various functions and also helps it protect cells from environmental damage and repair damaged ones, as protein helps rebuild injured tissues. It enhances the functioning of the immune system, while carbohydrates and fats provide the energy needed for the body, and vitamins and minerals are involved in various body processes, for example, vitamin B in its various forms works to extract energy from food, and both phosphorus and calcium maintain bone strength, prevent fragility and maintain their health In addition to sodium and potassium, which help the body transmit nerve signals, vitamin C and vitamin A also work
In addition to antioxidants against different toxins.
Components of a healthy diet
That includes a variety of vegetables, incl
Dark green vegetables and red vegetables
And orange, in addition to starchy vegetables and the rest and others, and that the system contains fruits, especially whole fruits
It also contains grains, provided that it is
At least half of it is whole grain
It should contain a variety of protein products, including lean meat, poultry, eggs, legumes, seafood, and nuts.
Reducing the amount of unhealthy drinks such as soft drinks, alcohol and soft drinks
Doing physical activity at least three times a week
Eat foods, grains and nuts rich in calories
It should contain low-fat or non-fat dairy products
It also contains healthy fats
Abstain and reduce some harmful foods and nutrients
Added sugars should not exceed 10% of the total daily calories.
The consumption of saturated fats should not exceed 10% of the total daily calories.